There are some diseases of which one may not have heard the names also. Cirrhosis can be described as a complication of a number of liver diseases that are typified by abnormal function and structure of the liver. The diseases responsible for cirrhosis behave in that manner due to reason they harm and also kill cells of the liver. It is followed by the inflammation and repair that is attributed to the dying cells of the liver causes scar tissue to appear.
The cells of the liver which don’t die, grow in a bid to replace all such died out cells. The outcome of the attempt is in the form of clusters of freshly formed cells of the liver that is regenerative nodules found inside the scar tissue. There are a lot of causes responsible for cirrhosis which may include chemicals like alcohol, some drugs, fats, and viruses. Moreover, certain toxic metals like copper and iron that store up in the liver because of some genetic diseases can be culprits. Also, the autoimmune liver disease is a condition in which the immune system of the body invades the liver.
Diagnosis of Cirrhosis
People suffering from early- stage of liver cirrhosis normally don’t show any symptoms. Frequently, liver cirrhosis is at first detected by a routine test of blood or check up. The best doctor for liver cirrhosis treatment will suggest some more pathological tests in the laboratory that can diagnose an issue with the liver like cirrhosis.
In the lab, the blood is checked to see the level of bilirubin which is related to the product of RBCs – red blood cells that break down and also for several enzymes which can specify damage of the liver.
The blood of the patient is checked to see the level of creatinine because the function of the kidney can decline in cirrhosis of later stage – decompensated cirrhosis.
Test for Hepatitis C& B
The blood of the patient is checked to see the presence of the hepatitis viruses.
INR – International Normalized Ratio will be checked to see the ability of the patient’s blood to clot.
Magnetic Resonance Elastography
It is also called as transient elastography. It is a kind of non- invasive imaging test to spot stiffening or hardening of the patient’s liver. This test can do away with the necessity to undergo a liver biopsy.
Other Imaging Tests
Ultrasound, MRI, and CT produce pictures of the liver.
A sample of the tissue of the liver may not be deemed to be necessary. But, the doctor can utilize it to know the intensity, extent, and reason responsible for damage to the liver.
Any patient with liver cirrhosis may be suggested to undergo regular diagnostic tests to examine for symptoms of its complications or progression.
Treatment needed for cirrhosis is dependent upon cause and the amount of liver damage. The prime objective of the treatment will be to slow down the rate of the progression of scar tissue within the liver of the patient and take care of complications regarding cirrhosis.