Wondering what is diathermy? Well, diathermy is a therapeutic treatment prescribed to treat joint and muscle conditions. Here the therapist uses electrical current of high-frequency to trigger heat generation within the body tissues or affected regions to be addressed. This heat generated through high-frequency electrical current helps in improving blood circulation in the body, relieves pain and discomfort and improves tissue mobility during the healing process. When it comes to diathermy, it may be of three kinds.
The types are based on the electromagnetic waves used by diathermy machines to produce heat in the tissue. They are short waves, microwaves and ultrasound. Shortwave diathermy by using electromagnetic waves of high frequency generates heat in the body. As the name suggests, microwave diathermy uses microwave to generate heat while ultrasound diathermy makes use of sound waves to generate heat within the deep tissues of the body. Diathermy machine manufacturers India can supply you diathermy units to treat a variety of health problems like fibromyalgia, muscular spasms, arthritis, neuralgia and several others.
Are there any risks of diathermy treatment?
Till now there is no known side effect of diathermy treatment. But, the device must be used with caution as it can produce extreme heat during dental fillings, bone pins or metal sutures. The energy used in microwave diathermy and shortwave diathermy produces the maximum heat. If caution is not exercised, there may be burn in the implant tissue or near the implant tissue. Thus, it should not be used near to implant tissue. When you are carrying out diathermy treatment, do not touch a metallic object as it can lead a shock. This is so because during the treatment, you are in electrical field and so any contact with metallic device can cause electrical shocks.
Steps to performing diathermy
– As per the location of problem area, the kind of diathermy to be performed, the patient is made to sit on a chair or lie upon the table.
– If it is ultrasound diathermy, the therapist applies gel over the body but for other two kinds of diathermy, no gel is used. In microwave and shortwave diathermy, the therapist just wraps the surface with a towel to avoid any direct contact with heat
– In shortwave and microwave diathermy, the therapist positions two electrodes on the affected area
– During ultrasound diathermy, the therapist moves a wand over the body on a continuous basis
During the treatment process, the patient needs to stay still. The patient experiences prickling sensation during this time. By using diathermy machine, the therapist increases blood circulation to the affected areas. This in turn repairs body tissues and brings about healing. The length, the frequency of the treatment varies as per the condition.
The physical therapy called diathermy treatment targets the body’s damaged tissues to increase blood flow and thereby relaxes taut tissues. To carry out this thermal therapy, you may find reliable diathermy machines manufacturers and avail the unit. If you are recovering from any orthopedic surgery, the unit can relax your muscles.